The International Displacement Monitoring Centre and Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) have reported that over 30 million people were internally displaced in 2017. This is the equivalent to 80,000 each day.
The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) have released their latest report on urban and rural estimations titled ‘2018 Revision of World Urbanization Prospects’.
New research into predicting the 2018 Atlantic hurricane season suggests this year’s hurricanes may be even worse than they were in 2017.
New research by WaterAid and PATH has found that combining clean water, decent household toilets and good hygiene with childhood vaccinations and nutrition support could prevent 697,000 child deaths each year and millions more cases of pneumonia and diarrhoea.
Yesterday, 8th May 2018, marked world Red Cross and Red Crescent Day. To mark the occasion the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched a new humanitarian fund that aims to mitigate and prevent the damage caused by natural disasters.
The final outcome of ‘Making Every Drop Count’, a document put together by the High Level Panel on Water has called for urgent action to address water-related disasters around the globe. 2018 marks the beginning of the International Decade for Action: Water for Sustainable Development.
The latest report by the World Health Organisation (WHO) reveals the significant damage air pollution is having across the world, particularly in low income countries.
Drones are one step closer to combating insect borne diseases after a successful test, the UN has announced.
New research by EM-DAT's Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) reveals that a total of 318 natural disasters occurred in 2017, affecting 96 million people across 122 countries.
New research in the PLOS One peer reviewed journal reveals that nature-based solutions are more cost effective than artificial solutions in preventing flood in the Gulf of Mexico. The research found that the restoration of marshes and oyster reefs are some of the most effective solutions.
Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria resulted in tens of billions of dollars in damage in 2017. Now, Global Weather Oscillations (GWO) predicts 2018 will result in another year of “above normal” storms out of the Atlantic. NOAA classifies storms using the Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) index. ACE index above 111 is “above normal,” and those with an ACE above 152 are considered “extremely active.”
Women spend over 6 hours every day collecting water. Walking hours for water prevents women from pursuing work, school and caring for the family as this is often their household responsibility. In many societies, women are seen as collectors, managers, and guardians of water. Some sources estimate that women spend up to 60% of their day collecting water, which locks them in the cycle of poverty.
The United Nations weather agency have reported that hurricanes, monsoons, floods and droughts made 2017 the most damaging year ever. Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) commented:“The start of 2018 has continued where 2017 left off – with extreme weather claiming lives and destroying livelihoods”
Between August and October 2017 the Caribbean suffered two of its worst hurricanes in history causing tremendous damage: Hurricane Irma and Hurricane Maria. Hurricane Irma struck first causing the most damage across Barbuda, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands. Irma resulted in the death of 146 people and caused US$64.8 billion worth of damage.
The earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan in 2011 cost $235 billion, according to World Bank. Six years later, Japanese residents are still recovering from the natural disaster. Japan’s Reconstruction agency stated that out of the 150,000 evacuees who lost their homes, 50,000 of them were still living in temporary housing. The reason behind the delay is the lack of construction workers and rising cost of building materials.
Typhoon Damrey, which hit on November 4th, has affected at least one million children over the central region of Vietnam, says the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). Over 80,000 homes and 250,000 hectares of farmland have been destroyed. Vietnam’s coastline is frequently victim to tropical thunderstorms however Damrey is being classed as Vietnam’s strongest typhoon to make landfall in 16 years.
From 2005 to 2017, there were 350 weather-related disasters. In the 20 years from 1997 to 2017, flooding made up nearly 50% of natural disasters and resulted in 157,000 deaths around the world. While the unpredictability of natural disasters is often what makes them so devastating, there are preparedness strategies that can keep homes and inhabitants safer.
WASHINGTON, D.C., U.S.A - In the first week of September, 50 million people around the world were affected by disasters. This sobering fact opened the Aid and International Development Forum’s Global Disaster Relief & Development Summit in Washington, D.C. earlier this month. Kicked off as Houston grappled with Hurricane Harvey, and as Miami and Puerto Rico prepared for the arrival of Hurricane Irma, the AIDF conference exuded relevance—several panelists were absent, having been called to the front lines of the disaster response.
As part of the Global Disaster Relief & Development 2017 Summit that took place in Washington, D.C., Planet of the Apps presented some of the latest mobile applications supporting humanitarian programmes and disaster relief operations across the world.
The Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico have recently faced trial after trial with the arrival of three hurricanes into this region. As Hurricane Harvey made landfall in Texas and Louisiana, the states faced approximately 27 trillion gallons of water from ocean storm surges and heavy rainfall. Harvey claimed the lives of 47 people in the Gulf states, and left approximately $190 billion USD in damages in its wake.
A disaster of any size can turn a small business upside-down. A single tropical storm is capable of devastating an entire city with long-term implications and millions of dollars in damage.
The mission of the FEMA is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards. Individual Assistance (IA) Division's mission is to ensure that disaster survivors have timely access to a full range of programs and services to maximize their recovery, through coordination among local, state, federal, Tribal governments, voluntary agencies and the private sector.
Global Women's Water Initiative (GWWI) trains the stakeholder who is disproportionately affected by the lack of water and sanitation: women. GWWI trains women to become local WASH experts – technicians, trainers and social entrepreneurs – who are capable of offering a variety of WASH services to their communities, addressing water access, quality, sanitation and hygiene.
More than 300 decision-makers from leading NGOs, UN and disaster relief agencies, global aid and development donors, heads of military and government emergency operations and private sector companies will gather at the Global Disaster Relief & Development Summit in Washington D.C. on 6-7th September to discuss how to address global development challenges and strengthen disaster resilience.
Global Eagle acquired Emerging Markets Communications (EMC) in 2016. EMC has been an industry leader in providing critical communications for the humanitarian and development sectors for the past 16 years. We provide end to end satellites solutions for office applications and emergency responses for 12 United Nations agencies, several Nethope members and other NGOs. We are actively providing services in over 140 countries supporting our customers humanitarian missions which include connectivity for ERP applications, voice, HD Video, internet access, and Global Eagle proprietary Speednet service for the fastest internet browsing experience in a satellite environment.
In the nearly twenty years between 1996 and 2015, there were 7,056 disasters recorded worldwide, which is double the number of disasters that happened during the previous two decades from 1976-1995. According to the infographic by the Aid & International Development Forum (AIDF), 91% of these disasters were attributable to climate or weather-related events. This also coincides with the dramatic increase in annual average temperatures marking previous decades. This trend has resulted in 2015 being the hottest year on record during the twenty years evaluated. As a result of high global temperatures, twice as many major droughts occurred during 2015 in comparison to the annual average of 16 between the period of 2006 and 2015.
Relief International (RI) specializes in fragile settings, responding to natural disasters, humanitarian emergencies and chronic poverty. Funded by grants from the United States, the European Union and the international community, RI works in 20 countries between Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
Glatt Stove produces the simplest cook stove in the world that works with a liquid fuel containing a 90% volume of alcohol or above. The cook stove costs only 12 USD and is portable; hence you can cook whatever you want, whenever you want, wherever you are. The cook stove works with any clean liquid fuel because the patent is in the engineering behind the stove and the combustion process, which allows for very efficient cooking at the same temperature as a conventional L.P Gas stove. The idea behind leaving the option of fuel open is to empower communities to use local fuel and considerably reduce costs.
The number of forcibly displaced people has grown from 33.9 million persons in 1997 to 65.6 million persons in 2016 due in large part to significant conflicts in the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa. As shown in the infographic by the Aid and International Development Forum (AIDF), 55% of all displaced persons in 2016 were from Syria, Afghanistan or South Sudan - also named the fastest growing refugee crisis. The rise in conflict globally has resulted in the occurrence of 20 displacements per minute last year and a new record high for the total number of people affected by displacement. To view the infographic, click here
The Aid and International Development Forum is once again on the lookout for mobile applications that support disaster response and global development. Nominate your app to be showcased at the Planet of the Apps on 6-7 of September during the 9th annual Global Disaster Relief & Development Summit in Washington D.C., which gathers senior representatives and advisors from UN and government agencies, international and regional NGOs, investors, donors, the private sector and media.
While much of the discussion surrounding economic disparity and natural disasters pertains to the affluent/low-income country dichotomy, researchers from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and the University of Wollongong assert that this issue needs to be regarded as geographically inclusive. Countries all over the globe with wide varieties of GDP ratings should look more closely at the demographics of social vulnerability within their borders.
On July 11, the world observes annual World Population Day by bringing population-related issues towards the forefront of international discussion. The commemoration of this day has its roots in the observation of the Day of Five Billion in 1987, and demonstrates the need for further consideration of population issues as we live in a world which - exactly 30 years later - is filled with 7.6 billion people. World Population Day has been officially established on the 11th of July through a resolution by the United Nations General Assembly for 27 years.
As a world premiere on an international stage, the Aid & International Development Forum (AIDF) hosted an interactive mobile-based Disaster Response Simulation to recreate post-crisis supply chain challenges for humanitarian and development professionals http://disaster-relief.aidforum.org/virtual_disaster_simulation_session
According to a recent report released by the UN, last year the United Nations increased its overall volume of procurement as compared to that of 2015 by 0.8 percent. In US dollars, this translates to a $137.2 million change from roughly $17.6 billion to $17.7 billion. While many organizations saw a decline in procurement volume during 2016, six organizations including the WFP, UNDP, and UNHCR experienced an increase greater than 20 percent. The increase is largely attributed to differences in the operations of these six organizations brought on by the expansion of administrative services, new and ongoing projects, and the refugee crisis which also triggered the addition of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to the UN system.
This month, Facebook announced an innovative new program designed to make use of the prevalence and convenience of social media in the modern age for assisting disaster response efforts. The disaster maps track anonymous data from locations in crisis to provide critical and often missing information to humanitarian and aid organizations.
On last Tuesday, June 20, the international community took a collective stand for the global refugee population in honour of the annual World Refugee Day. This year Filippo Grandi, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, released a statement emphasising the importance of lending support to refugees through the inclusion of these persons within the various societies that they have turned to in search of sanctuary.
May 17th marks World Telecommunication and Information Society Day bringing awareness and recognition to the impact of advanced analysis and evidence-based decision making. This year’s theme “Big Data for Big Impact” highlights the importance of Big Data on development and converting unstructured and weak quality data into actionable information to support progress towards the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
More than $1.5 trillion in damage was caused as a result of natural disasters across the globe during 2003-2013. Every year millions in North America are affected by natural disasters whether it is drought, hurricanes, flood, earthquakes, forest fires and landslides. Flooding affects more people than any other disaster. In 2016, the U.S. saw more floods than ever in response to rapidly changing systems of weather patterns.
Information and communication technology (ICT) is the key driver for accelerating innovation, improving economic development, social development and environmental protection. As such, the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and Unesco launched the Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development to showcase and document the power of ICT and broadband-based technologies for sustainable development.
The world is facing unprecedented crises and growing challenges. With an estimated 98.5 million people affected by disasters in 2015 alone, the number and scale of disasters triggered by natural hazards are increasing. There are 65 million people forcibly displaced both within and across borders, resulting in mounting humanitarian needs which are exceeding available resources. Meanwhile, the rate of globalisation and urbanisation makes the realities of health crises much harder to contain.
Today, the world is facing unprecedented crises and growing challenges. A total of 574 disasters were reported in 2015 alone, 116, or 20 percent, of which occurred in Africa. These disasters affected 108 million people globally, 31 million (29 percent) in Africa alone. In 2015, 32,550 people were killed as a result of disasters, compared to 14,389 in 2014. In addition, the total amount of disaster estimated damage in 2015 was almost US$ 70.3 million.
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in collaboration with humanitarian partners across the world has launched the Global Humanitarian Overview 2017, a consolidated appeal to support people affected by disaster and conflict around the world. The report states that for 2017, humanitarian partners will require a record US$22.2 billion to meet the needs of 92.8 million people in 33 countries. The appeal, which is the largest in the history of the United Nations, will support humanitarian efforts in some the world’s worst affected areas.
We are pleased to have been featured in TradeWinds Publication by Ronald Reagan Building & International Trade Centre.
The world today is facing unprecedented crises and growing challenges. It has been estimated that 98.5 million people have been affected by disasters in 2015 alone. Furthermore, the number and scale of disasters triggered by natural hazards are increasing. Over 65 million people have been forcibly displaced both within and across borders, resulting in mounting humanitarian needs which are exceeding available resources.
United Nations Day is observed on the 24th October each year, 2016 marks the 71st anniversary of the United Nation’s creation in 1945. In his last United Nations Day message as Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon highlighted the major progress that has been made towards a more sustainable future through the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and in addressing the threat posed by climate change, through the Paris Agreement, which will enter into force on 4th November.
The 13th October marks the International Day for Disaster Reduction; the 2016 “Live to Tell” campaign seeks to create a wave of awareness about actions taken to reduce mortality around the world. In July 2016, the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction, Mr. Robert Glasser, launched “The Sendai Seven Campaign – 7 Targets, 7 Years”, an advocacy initiative to advance the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction with the goal of saving lives, reducing disaster losses and improving management of disaster risk.
When disaster strikes, real time updates about evolving crisis situations and information about those affected, including their needs and locations, are paramount to effective emergency response and better decision-making. Yet gathering essential data to provide rapid disaster relief involves many challenges ranging from security of aid workers to cultural barriers and difficulties in communication.
We were among the over 300 attendees convened in Washington, D.C. for the Aid & International Development Forum’s Global Disaster Relief Summit to discuss the latest trends & lessons learned in disaster relief work worldwide. This may seem obvious, but when disasters strike, the voices of those most affected are not always heard. One way funders can help is by supporting local organizations with long-standing ties in affected regions. Investing in these groups not only addresses immediate needs on the ground after disasters but can also help ensure that communities have systems in place for future disasters. Intermediary organizations like Global Giving can help connect donors to such community-based nonprofits and grassroots initiatives around the world.
The AIDF Global Disaster Relief Summit 2016 was held in Washington D.C. on 7-8 September at the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center. Over two days the Summit gathered around 350 senior representatives of government and UN agencies, national and international NGOs, donor organisations, military, research institutes, private sector, and the media. Topics discussed at this year’s Global Disaster Relief Summit included innovation and good practice in emergency procurement, data and ICT strategy, humanitarian logistics, emergency health and WASH, financing and payment models, as well as lessons learned from recent emergencies and responses to the global refugee crisis.
The Planet of the Apps, as part of the Global Disaster Relief Summit 2016 on 7-8 September in Washington D.C., presented some of the latest mobile applications supporting disaster relief operations to senior representatives and advisors from government and UN agencies, international and regional NGOs, CBOs, investors and donors, research institutes and the private sector. The shortlisted apps included the following: Share The Meal, ETC Reporter, mVAM, ReliefWeb Videos, ReliefWeb Headlines, Refugee Aid App (RefAid)
The daunting scale of the humanitarian funding gap, and the seemingly intractable nature of many of the well documented humanitarian financing challenges, provided the backdrop to the Future Humanitarian Financing (FHF) dialogue events. Yet economic growth, increasing global connectedness, new technologies, innovation in financing and business practices and emerging global norms around the need to manage risk and build resilience were repeatedly stressed as grounds for optimism.
Access to energy is categorized by the UN as nothing less than a basic human right. In a wired and connected global society, having access to power – particularly mobile power – is as important as food and shelter. Four billion people worldwide currently have limited access to electricity or none at all. This is a global crisis. World Panel founder and CEO John A. Anderson learned about the importance of mobile energy first-hand on a trip to Uganda in 2011.
At the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit on 25 September 2015, world leaders adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change by 2030. Information and communication technologies will be pivotal in helping to achieve these and Inmarsat is delivering the global satellite connectivity that is essential to giving people access to the modern digital world even in the most isolated locations.
Some 350 representatives from UN, Government and intergovernmental organisations, Red Cross, NGOs, donors and foundations, military, relief agencies and the private sector involved in the delivery of aid relief will gather in Washington D.C. for the Global Disaster Relief Summit next week.
Thousands of people are killed every year in natural disasters. Rescue teams and aid agencies often rely on technology to conduct rescue missions and help those who have been affected. Over the years, new technologies have been developed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of first responders, further deepening the role played by technology in disaster aid relief. To learn more, checkout the infographic created by Eastern Kentucky University’s online Masters in Safety, Security and Emergency Management. The infographic is a timely release for Global Disaster Relief Summit on 7-8 September in Washington D.C., where more than 350 international experts will meet to discuss the most pertinent questions around emergency response and resilience and share their innovations and best practice in disaster management, data and mobile technology, emergency communication and logistics
Unprecedented rainfall in the U.S. State of Louisiana, more than four times the average amount for August, has led to widespread and devastating flooding cross the area. At least 13 people have died and more than 40,000 homes have been damaged. Thousands remain in shelters or friends’ houses on higher ground, unable to return to their homes to assess the damage.
Glad to announce Harvey Johnson, Senior Vice President, Disaster Cycle Services at American Red Cross as a keynote speaker at AIDF Global Disaster Relief Summit 2016
Inspiring to see 1st ever refugee team in Olympic history receiving such a warm welcome! AIDF Global Disaster Relief Summit 2016 will host a panel to discuss responses to current global refugee crisis.
The 2015-16 Zika epidemic has seen the virus spread throughout South America and into Central and North America. In February this year, the World Health Organization declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The virus’ symptoms in adults tend to be relatively mild and flu-like, but it is capable of spreading from a pregnant woman to her baby. This has resulted in growing numbers of children being born with microcephaly – a condition where the brain does not develop normally, resulting in a small head and mental disabilities. There is currently no known treatment for Zika virus and the current outbreak is expected to last three years.
ICT and communications solutions are vital to disaster response operations. The latest figures show that the total number of internet users worldwide is 3.17 billion, up from 2.94 billion last year. The rapid expansion of access in developing countries promises almost boundless opportunities for innovation. However, actually deploying new technology presents challenges.
A new competition has been launched to find innovative apps that support worldwide disaster response activities. Apply now to have an opportunity to showcase your app at the “Planet of the Apps” as part of the upcoming Global Disaster Relief Summit 2016 in Washington D.C. Please get in touch with Sonja Ruetzel at firstname.lastname@example.org
The Philippines and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) are using unmanned drones to assess the risk of natural disasters to the country’s farmlands. Two drones have already been deployed as part of the project to assess the current El Niño conditions. Jose Luiz Fernandez, FAO representative in the Philippines, said: “Imagery generated from drone flights can reveal where agricultural infrastructure projects and service facilities like irrigation or storage facilities could be sited to best serve local farmers. The technology can also potentially support in the assessment of coastal and forest areas.”
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has partnered with Grab, Southeast Asia's leading ride-hailing platform, in order to promote road safety and provide emergency assistance in the region, as two of the most compelling needs in the region. The IFRC-Grab partnership will be rolled out in the six countries where number of deaths reaches more than 100,000 every year, representing 8.15 per cent of the total global deaths. Natural disasters killed more than 350,000 in 500 incidents in South East Asia, with Indonesia and the Philippines being hit the hardest.
Like most things in Nepal, the mountainous country’s transport is colourful. All along the highway that runs between Kathmandu and Rasawa (close to the border with China), elaborately-painted trucks make daily delivery routes feel like parades. Alongside pictures of flowers, landscapes or movie stars, most trucks are adorned with written quotes about love and loss. As I travelled this road, one passing truck pronounced, ‘I spit on you, life’ in Nepali. Another mused over a lover’s betrayal: ‘She took my heart and stomped it into the ground’. Some, though, were more upbeat: ‘My heart for you always’ and ‘Forever yours’ and… ‘Facebook’.
Recent natural and manmade disasters have taught us that resilient communications are vital to saving lives. Available and emerging technologies are evolving to meet the needs of governments, first responders and citizens in better informing all of us about risks and ways to reduce our vulnerability to them. The 2011 Tohoku (Fukushima) disaster brutally demonstrated how unreliable and over-taxed mobile and terrestrial phone networks can be during and immediately after a disaster. And yet there are examples of innovative alternatives that emerged to teach us about communications resilience.
Aid & International Development Forum (AIDF) is delighted to be included in the calendar of best non-profit conferences for 2016, published by Everyaction. The 8th annual AIDF Global Disaster Relief Summit, which will take place at the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center in Washington D.C. on 7-8 September 2016, was featured in the calendar.
World Humanitarian Day is a time to recognize those who face danger and adversity in order to help others. The day was designated by the General Assembly to coincide with the anniversary of the 2003 bombing of the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq. World Humanitarian Day is also an opportunity to celebrate the spirit that inspires humanitarian work around the globe. The theme for this year is #ShareHumanity. In the light of the World Humanitarian Day, the Aid International Development Forum (AIDF) is highlighting the importance of knowledge transfer, best practice and technological innovations to help save lives during and after disasters.
AIDF has released an infographic that explores humanitarian aid and trends in procurement. Within disaster relief logistics, procurement accounts for 65% of total expenditures by the UN organisations. The latest figures released by the United Nations Procurement Division found the total procurement of goods increased by $826 million, a jump of 12.1 percent. This reflects a stark trend: the last decade has seen a sharp increase in the number of natural disasters across the world.
Looking ahead to the AIDF Global Disaster Relief Summit 2015, the Aid and International Development Forum (AIDF) has released the AIDF Guide to Emergency Procurement. Within disaster relief logistics, procurement accounts for 65% of total expenditures. The latest figures released by the United Nations Procurement Division found the total procurement of goods increased by $826 million, a jump of 12.1 percent. This reflects a stark trend: the last decade has seen a sharp increase in the number of natural disasters across the world.
In November last year AIDF hosted its 6th annual Disaster Relief Summit in Washington, D.C. This year’s event brought together humanitarian experts from NGOs, UN and government, military and the private sector for two days of thought-provoking discussions on how to improve disaster response.
This week is the United Nations International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR). The day is celebrated on 13 October every year and this year’s theme is “Resilience for life”. The focus of this year is on older people as their needs are often ignored, despite being some of the most vulnerable people in disasters. IDDR encourages all citizens and governments, to participate in building more disaster resilient communities and nations. In connection with the day, Aid & International Development Forum recognizes the importance of disaster reduction and has released an infographic on “Building Resilience for Disaster Reduction”.
Aid & International Development Forum, releases an infographic on “How Partnerships & Technology Can Improve Disaster Management”. The infographic was produced in connection with the upcoming World Humanitarian Day, which falls every year on the 19th August. The day commemorates those who have lost their lives in humanitarian service. This year’s focus is all about putting the spotlight on #HumanitarianHeroes across the globe who are committed to making a difference.
NGOs, UN agencies, Governments, Military & Defense representatives, and private sector experts will gather in Washington D.C. to discuss best practice and collaborations for effective disaster relief. Recently, natural and man made disasters have occurred in different parts of the world, spanning from the Philippines, Middle East to South Sudan.
Watch our highlights video from last year's AIDF Washington exhibition. We are thrilled to introduce to you the new and improved 6th Annual AIDF Disaster Relief Summit. Based on your valuable feedback from past AIDF events, this year’s programme is even more practical, inspiring and focused on your specific needs.
Highlights video from AIDF Food Security: Asia 2013 is available to view now at our YouTube channel. Summit hosted at the United Nations Conference Centre on 26 and 27 November 2013 attracted more than 200 hundred delegates from more than 20 countries
Aid International & Development Forum has launched a new report addressing food security issues in Asia. The report has been produced based on contributions from world-leading experts incuding FAO, ADB, UNESCAP, WFP, GAIN, IRRI and others.